Astrodome

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Astrodome
Location Houston, Texas
Opened April 9, 1965
Closed 2008
Demolished 2013 (partial)
Other Names Reliant Astrodome (2000-14)
Houston Astrodome (1965-2000)
Harris County Domed Stadium (1965)
Tenants Houston Astros (1965-99)
Houston Cougars (1965-97)
Houston Oilers (1968-96)
Houston Gamblers (1984-85)
Houston Rockets (1971-75)
Houston Texans (1974)

The Astrodome is the world's first multi-purpose, domed sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas. It was financed and assisted in development by Roy Hofheinz, mayor of Houston and known for pioneering modern stadiums. Construction on the stadium began in 1962 and it officially opened in 1965. It served as home to the Houston Astros of Major League Baseball from its opening until 1999, and the Houston Oilers of the National Football League from 1968 until 1996, as well as the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association on a part-time basis from 1971 until 1975. When opened, it was named the Harris County Domed Stadium and was nicknamed the "Eighth Wonder of the World."

After the original natural grass playing surface died, the Astrodome became the first major sports venue to install artificial turf, which became known as AstroTurf. In another technological first, the Astrodome featured the "Astrolite," which was the first animated scoreboard. The Astrodome was renovated in 1988, expanding seating and altering many original features.

By the 1990s, the Astrodome was becoming obsolete. Unable to secure a new stadium, Oilers owner Bud Adams moved his team to Tennessee after the 1996 season, where they eventually became the Tennessee Titans. The Astros played at the dome through the 1999 season, before relocating to Enron Field in 2000. Although it no longer had any primary tenants, the venue regularly hosted events during the early 2000s, and in 2005, it was used as a shelter for residents of New Orleans affected by Hurricane Katrina. The Astrodome was declared non-compliant with fire code by the Houston Fire Department in 2008 and parts of it were demolished in 2013 after several years of disuse. In 2014 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

List of credited publications

League Date/Season Team(s) Type
Major League Baseball 1965 Houston Astros Exhibition Program
Houston Astros Program
College football September 24, 1965 Houston Cougars vs. Cincinnati Bearcats Program
Major League Baseball 1966 Houston Astros Program (1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10)
College football November 5, 1966 Houston Cougars vs. Tulsa Golden Hurricane Program
Major League Baseball 1967 Houston Astros Program (1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14)
College football September 15, 1967 Houston Cougars vs. Florida State Seminoles Program
September 29, 1967 Houston Cougars vs. Wake Forest Demon Deacons Program
October 7, 1967 Houston Cougars vs. NC State Program
Major League Baseball 1968 Houston Astros Program (1 • 2 • 3)
American Football League August 12, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. New York Jets Program
American Football League August 18, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. New Orleans Saints Program
College football September 14, 1968 Houston Cougars vs. Tulane Green Wave Program
American Football League September 29, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. Oakland Raiders Program
College football October 12, 1968 Houston Cougars vs. Oklahoma State Program
American Football League October 20, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. New York Jets Program
American Football League November 17, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. Denver Broncos Program
American Football League December 7, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. Buffalo Bills Program
American Football League December 15, 1968 Houston Oilers vs. Boston Patriots Program
College football December 31, 1968 SMU Mustangs vs. Oklahoma Sooners Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1969 Houston Astros Program (1 • 2)
American Football League August 2, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Buffalo Bills Program
American Football League August 15, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Baltimore Colts Program
American Football League August 28, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Dallas Cowboys Program
American Football League September 28, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Miami Dolphins Program
American Football League October 5, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Buffalo Bills Program
American Football League October 26, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Denver Broncos Program
College football November 1, 1969 Houston Cougars vs. Miami Program
American Football League November 9, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Cincinnati Bengals Program
College football November 22, 1969 Houston Cougars vs. Wyoming Cowboys Program
American Football League November 27, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. San Diego Chargers Program
American Football League December 6, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. New York Jets Program
American Football League December 14, 1969 Houston Oilers vs. Boston Patriots Program
College football December 31, 1969 Houston Cougars vs. Auburn Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1970 Houston Astros Program (1 • 2 • 3 • 4)
National Football League August 22, 1970 Houston Oilers vs. Minnesota Vikings Program
College football September 19, 1970 Houston Cougars vs. Syracuse Program
National Football League September 27, 1970 Houston Oilers vs. Miami Dolphins Program
National Football League October 18, 1970 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
College football October 24, 1970 Houston Cougars vs. Alabama Program
College football October 31, 1970 Houston Cougars vs. Tulsa Golden Hurricane Program
National Football League November 15, 1970 Houston Oilers vs. San Francisco 49ers Program
National Football League December 13, 1970 Houston Oilers vs. Cincinnati Bengals Program
College football December 31, 1970 Alabama Crimson Tide vs. Oklahoma Sooners Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
College basketball March 25 & 27, 1971 Kansas, UCLA, Villanova, Western Kentucky Final Four Program
College football December 31, 1971 Houston Cougars vs. Colorado Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
National Football League August 9, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. New York Giants Program
National Football League August 21, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Philadelphia Eagles Program
National Football League August 26, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Dallas Cowboys Program
National Football League September 4, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Chicago Bears Program
National Football League September 26, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Kansas City Chiefs Program
National Football League October 3, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. New Orleans Saints Program
National Football League October 17, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Detroit Lions Program
National Football League October 31, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Cincinnati Bengals Program
National Football League November 28, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Cleveland Browns Program
National Football League December 5, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
National Football League December 19, 1971 Houston Oilers vs. San Diego Chargers Program
Major League Baseball 1972 Houston Astros Program
National Football League December 10, 1972 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
College football December 30, 1972 Tennessee Volunteers vs. LSU Tigers Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1973 Houston Astros Program
National Football League August 23, 1973 Houston Oilers vs. Dallas Cowboys Program
National Football League September 30, 1973 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
College football December 29, 1973 Houston Cougars vs. Tulane Green Wave Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1974 Houston Astros Program
World Football League July 17, 1974 Houston Texans vs. Philadelphia Bell Program
August 15, 1974 Houston Texans vs. Southern California Sun Program
August 28, 1974 Houston Texans vs. New York Stars Program
National Football League October 6, 1974 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
College football October 25, 1974 Houston Cougars vs. Cincinnati Bearcats Program
College football December 23, 1974 Houston Cougars vs. NC State Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
College football September 13, 1975 Houston Cougars vs. Rice Owls Program
National Football League November 24, 1975 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
College football December 27, 1975 Texas Longhorns vs. Colorado Buffaloes Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1976 Houston Astros Program 1 • 2)
National Football League August 14, 1976 Houston Oilers vs. New York Giants Program
College football December 31, 1976 Nebraska Cornhuskers vs. Texas Tech Red Raiders Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
College football December 31, 1977 USC Trojans vs. Texas A&M Aggies Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
National Football League August 14, 1978 Houston Oilers vs. Philadelphia Eagles Program
College football December 31, 1978 Stanford Cardinal vs. Georgia Bulldogs Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1979 Houston Astros Program
National Football League August 2, 1979 Houston Oilers vs. St. Louis Cardinals Program
National Football League October 28, 1979 Houston Oilers vs. New York Jets Program
National Football League December 16, 1979 Houston Oilers vs. Philadelphia Eagles Program
National Football League December 23, 1979 Houston Oilers vs. Denver Broncos Postseason Program
College football December 31, 1979 Purdue Boilermakers vs. Tennessee Volunteers Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
National Football League September 21, 1980 Houston Oilers vs. Baltimore Colts Program
Major League Baseball 1980 Houston Astros vs. Philadelphia Phillies NLCS Program
National Football League November 30, 1980 Houston Oilers vs. Cleveland Browns Program
National Football League December 4, 1980 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
College football December 31, 1980 North Carolina Tar Heels vs. Texas Longhorns Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
Major League Baseball 1981 Houston Astros Program
National Football League September 20, 1981 Houston Oilers vs. Miami Dolphins Program
National Football League October 4, 1981 Houston Oilers vs. Cincinnati Bengals Program
National Football League November 8, 1981 Houston Oilers vs. Oakland Raiders Program
College football December 31, 1981 Michigan Wolverines vs. UCLA Bruins Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
National Football League August 12, 1982 Houston Oilers vs. New Orleans Saints Program
National Football League August 28, 1982 Houston Oilers vs. Tampa Bay Buccaneers Program
College football December 31, 1982 Arkansas Razorbacks vs. Florida Gators Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
National Football League August 13, 1983 Houston Oilers vs. Tampa Bay Buccaneers Program
National Football League September 4, 1983 Houston Oilers vs. Green Bay Packers Program
College football September 10, 1983 Houston Cougars vs. Miami Program
National Football League December 11, 1983 Houston Oilers vs. Cleveland Browns Program
College football December 31, 1983 Oklahoma State Cowboys vs. Baylor Bears Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
United States Football League April 21, 1984 Houston Gamblers vs. Arizona Wranglers Program
College football December 31, 1984 West Virginia Mountaineers vs. TCU Horned Frogs Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
United States Football League June 24, 1985 Houston Gamblers vs. Oakland Invaders Program
College football October 5, 1985 Houston Cougars vs. Baylor Bears Program
Major League Baseball 1986 Houston Astros Program
Houston Astros vs. New York Mets NLCS Program
National Football League October 18, 1987 Houston Oilers vs. New England Patriots Program
College football November 7, 1987 Houston Cougars vs. Texas Program
National Football League December 27, 1987 Houston Oilers vs. Cincinnati Bengals Program
College football December 31, 1987 Texas Longhorns vs. Pittsburgh Panthers Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl Program
National Football League January 3, 1988 Houston Oilers vs. Seattle Seahawks Postseason Program
College football October 8, 1988 Houston Cougars vs. Texas A&M Program
National Football League September 24, 1989 Houston Oilers vs. Buffalo Bills Program
National Football League December 31, 1989 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Postseason Program
National Football League August 9, 1990 Houston Oilers vs. Detroit Lions Program
National Football League August 18, 1990 Houston Oilers vs. New York Giants Program
National Football League October 28, 1990 Houston Oilers vs. New York Jets Program
National Football League September 1, 1991 Houston Oilers vs. Los Angeles Raiders Program
Major League Baseball April 2, 1993 Houston Astros vs. Texas Rangers Exhibition Program
National Football League January 14, 1994 Houston Oilers vs. Kansas City Chiefs Postseason Program
National Football League September 18, 1994 Houston Oilers vs. Buffalo Bills Program
National Football League November 21, 1994 Houston Oilers vs. New York Giants Program
National Football League September 10, 1995 Houston Oilers vs. Pittsburgh Steelers Program
National Football League December 17, 1995 Houston Oilers vs. New York Jets Program
Major League Baseball 1998 Houston Astros vs. San Diego Padres NLDS Program
Major League Baseball 1999 Houston Astros vs. Atlanta Braves NLDS Program

See also

List of Major League Baseball stadiums

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