World Hockey Association

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The World Hockey Association (WHA) was a professional ice hockey major league that operated in North America from 1972 to 1979. It was the first major league to compete with the National Hockey League (NHL) since the collapse of the Western Hockey League in 1926. Although the WHA was not the first league since that time to attempt to challenge the NHL's supremacy, it was by far the most successful in the modern era.

The formation of the WHA was announced on June 25, 1971.

The two leagues merged in 1979, which resulted in four WHA clubs joining the NHL. The WHA officially folded on June 22 and the remaining franchises that did not join the NHL folded as well.


Franchise Locations Venues Founded Ended Fate
Alberta / Edmonton Oilers Edmonton, Alberta Edmonton Gardens
Northlands Coliseum
October 30, 1971 1972-74
Joined the NHL in 1979.
Chicago Cougars Chicago, Illinois International Amphitheatre
Randhurst Ice Arena
October 30, 1971 1972-75 Folded in 1975.
Cincinnati Stingers Cincinnati, Ohio Riverfront Coliseum 1975-79 Folded in 1979.
Cleveland Crusaders
Minnesota Fighting Saints
Cleveland, Ohio Cleveland Arena
Richfield Coliseum
1972-76 Folded in 1977.
Saint Paul, Minnesota St. Paul Civic Center 1976-77
Denver Spurs
Ottawa Civics
Denver, Colorado
Ottawa, Ontario
Denver Coliseum
Ottawa Civic Centre
Folded in 1976.
Houston Aeros Houston, Texas Sam Houston Coliseum
The Summit
October 30, 1971 July 9, 1978 Folded
Indianapolis Racers Indianapolis, Indiana Market Square Arena 1974-78 Folded in 1978.
Los Angeles Sharks / Michigan Stags / Baltimore Blades Los Angeles, California Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena
Long Beach Arena
October 30, 1971 1972-74 Folded in 1975.
Detroit, Michigan Cobo Arena 1974-75
Baltimore, Maryland Baltimore Civic Center 1975
Minnesota Fighting Saints Saint Paul, Minnesota St. Paul Auditorium
St. Paul Civic Center
October 30, 1971 1972-76 Folded in 1976.
New England Whalers Boston, Massachusetts Boston Arena
Boston Garden
Joined the NHL in 1979.
West Springfield, Massachusetts Big E Coliseum 1974-75
Hartford, Connecticut Hartford Civic Center 1975-78
Springfield, Massachusetts Springfield Civic Center 1978-79
New York Raiders
New York Golden Blades/Jersey Knights
San Diego Mariners
New York City, New York Madison Square Garden October 30, 1971 1972-73 Folded in 1977.
New York City, New York
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Madison Square Garden
Cherry Hill Arena
San Diego, California San Diego Sports Arena 1974-76
Philadelphia Blazers
Vancouver Blazers
Calgary Cowboys
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Philadelphia Civic Center 1972-73 Folded in 1977.
Vancouver, British Columbia Pacific Coliseum 1973-75
Calgary, Alberta Stampede Corral 1975-77
Phoenix Roadrunners Phoenix, Arizona Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum 1974-77 Folded in 1977.
Ottawa Nationals
Toronto Toros
Birmingham Bulls
Ottawa, Ontario Ottawa Civic Centre 1972-73 Folded in 1979.
Toronto, Ontario Varsity Arena
Maple Leaf Gardens
Birmingham, Alabama Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex 1976-79
Quebec Nordiques Quebec City, Quebec Colisée de Québec October 30, 1971 1972-79 Joined the NHL in 1979.
Winnipeg Jets Winnipeg, Manitoba Winnipeg Arena October 30, 1971 1972-79 Joined the NHL in 1979.

See also


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